Presidents Marcos, Xi Meet for the First Time, to Forge Deeper Philippines-China Ties

Message of Secretary for Foreign Affairs Enrique A. Manalo On the Occasion of the United Nations Day 2022

Seventy-seven years ago, the Philippines joined 50 other countries to establish the United Nations, an organization born out of humanity’s collective desire to overcome conflict, crisis, and catastrophe after the Second World War.

Today – in the face of global challenges, such as climate change and food insecurity, exacerbated by the COVID-19 pandemic and increasing geopolitical conflicts and tensions – the need to build a more peaceful, united, and prosperous world remains.

As President Ferdinand R. Marcos stated recently at the United Nations General Assembly, “We need the United Nations to continue to work. And we, the Philippines, are determined to be part of that solution.”

Throughout the years, the Philippines has been an active member and staunch advocate for the values and ideals of the United Nations.

We have always stood up for sovereign equality of states, peaceful resolution of disputes, equal rights of women and men, inclusive social development, the rule of law, and justice for all.

Today, the Philippines plays a constructive role in the United Nations as a bridge-builder and champion of vulnerable groups, such as children and migrants, and developing countries’ interests.

The many challenges that confront the world community today present opportunities to forge stronger international cooperation to realize the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. Against this backdrop, the Philippines reaffirms its commitment to uphold the principles upon which the United Nations was founded, forging cordial ties with the members of the community of nations, and strengthening partnerships to realize our national and collective aspiration of peace, security, and development for all peoples.

On this occasion of our commemoration of UN Day, we uphold the important place of the United Nations in these efforts and commit to advancing its role in ensuring a better, safer, and more sustainable future.

Happy UN Day!

Statement of H.E. Junever M. Mahilum-West Philippine Permanent Delegate to UNESCO 215th Session of the Executive Board of UNESCO

10 October 2022, UNESCO HQ

Madame Chair of the Executive Board,
Madame Director-General of UNESCO,
Mr. President of the General Conference,
Distinguished Delegates,

Good morning/afternoon.

The Philippines associates itself with the statements of the Asia-Pacific Group and the Non-Aligned Movement (NAM), both to be delivered later.

Two years ago, the Philippine delegation stated that, in a post-pandemic environment, the global community must keep communication lines open, build trust and reaffirm our faith in the United Nations and UNESCO. We urged UNESCO to assert its relevance by delivering concrete results where it matters the most, despite the difficulties brought about by the pandemic — that is to say, exercise the flexibility and resilience called for by the situation. We adapted and we delivered. We continued to discharge our mandate through virtual and eventually face-to-face meetings, as there was no time to waste in achieving our key targets in the areas of education, science and culture

As delivered.

The Philippines notes with appreciation the timely conduct of the Summit on Transforming Education. To sustain this transformation, the Philippines vows to re-engineer governance by developing closer integration between industry and government when it comes to curriculum design and implementation. Institutional structures of our education system will be revisited to ensure that they work in synergy and facilitate smooth transition from early childhood education, basic education, to technical-vocational and higher education, that allows learners to achieve their full potential. The Philippines is poised to work more strategically with partners in the human development sector to emphasize the shared responsibility for our learners’ holistic welfare and ensure that the government as a whole remains responsive to social change. We will work fully with the UNESCO International Commission on the Futures of Education in ensuring that the education that our children receive is fit-for-purpose, their teachers are well-trained, sufficiently remunerated and valued, and the digital learning opportunity reaches all, especially women and girls. Investments in education is key.

Climate change is among the greatest threats affecting our nations and our peoples. The Philippines is committed to participating actively in the work of the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission, whose area of expertise includes collaborating on climate research, assisting countries implement marine spatial planning (MSP), observing sea level changes and their impact on biodiversity, coastal communities and ecosystems, among others. We are also cognizant of the relevance of IOC’s mandate in charting our blue economy aspirations. We take pride in being a member of the Group of Friends of Small Island Developing States (SIDS). As an archipelago, we share the same vulnerabilities and challenges that SIDS are heir to. We look forward to enhancing cooperation in this area. The Philippines is gearing towards implementing the Ocean Decade through multi-stakeholder collaboration and with the active involvement of the youth.

For the Philippines, there is no greater renewable resource than the creativity and innovation of our people. We understand the value of harnessing peoples' talents by creating a robust and creative economy. We congratulate Mexico once again and all the organizers for the resounding success of the recently concluded MONDIACULT 2022 which reaffirmed culture as a global priority agenda. The Philippines' first UNESCO-designated Creative City for Crafts and Folk Arts, Baguio City, shared its takeaway from participating in the UNESCO Cultural 2030 Indicators project. With the support and encouragement of the World Heritage Center, the project highlighted the invaluable and still unplumbed contribution of culture and the creative economy to the attainment of Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). We look forward to more UNESCO projects aimed at strengthening and empowering the capacities of our artists, artisans, indigenous cultural communities, cities and other stakeholde

The Philippines hopes to intensify its collaboration with UNESCO's Intergovernmental Council of the International Programme for the Development of Communication (IPDC) in promoting freedom of expression, freedom of the press, safety of journalists and the right to access information in accordance with the UN Plan of Action on the Safety of Journalists.

We thank UNESCO for the support it extends to countries such as the Philippines, that continuously bear the impact of natural disasters. The recent strong earthquake in the Philippines affected some of our World Heritage Sites. In this regard, UNESCO’s continuing prioritization in institutionalizing support to Member States’ cultural sectors is especially crucial, taking on board strengthening resilience during crisis and disaster situations. Support is needed in the form of information dissemination, capacity building and training, evidence-based policy formulation and retooling, and participatory consultative efforts.

In conclusion, the Philippines reiterates its aspirations that, in the midst of current challenges with global impact and of institutional reforms within UNESCO, we continue to strive for concrete and practical actions and decisions aimed at achieving our goals and objectives, by further strengthening support for UNESCO's Regional Offices, the National Commissions, and other key partners. We must keep our sights on our common goals and ensure inclusivity at all leve

Thank you.

DFA Now Accepts ePhilID for Passport Applications

21 October 2022 - The Department of Foreign Affairs–Office of Consular Affairs (DFA-OCA) informs the public that it will be accepting the ePhilID as an accredited government-issued valid ID for Passport Applications starting, Friday, 21 October 2022.

The public may visit this link to learn more about the digitized version of the PhilSys ID (National ID). To facilitate its use as a valid ID accepted for passport application, the public is advised that the details in the printed ePhilID must be clear, readable, and contain the same details as the presented documentary requirements during the passport application.

For more information regarding passport requirements, please visit:

Opening Statement Delivered by Secretary Jesus Crispin C. Remulla Secretary of Justice, Republic of the Philippines On the Occasion of the Philippines’ Constructive Dialogue/ Revalida With the Human Rights Committee

Geneva, 10 October 2021, 15:00 – 18:00

Excellencies, ladies and gentlemen, good afternoon.

I am Jesus Crispin Remulla, the Secretary of Justice. It is my privilege and honor to engage in this constructive dialogue with the distinguished members of this Committee. With me in my delegation are officials from various executive agencies, namely, the Department of Justice, Department of Foreign Affairs, the Presidential Human Rights Committee Secretariat, Philippine National Police, Philippine Drug Enforcement Agency, and the Dangerous Drugs Board. We are also joined by a high-level official from our Supreme Court

This dialogue continues a time-held commitment to engage with the UN treaty bodies, inspired by the pronouncement of recently-elected President Ferdinand Romualdez Marcos, Jr. at the 77th UN General Assembly of an “open, inclusive, and rules-based international order that is governed by international law and informed by the principles of equity and justice.”

Our national elections in May this year had the highest voter turnout in history, at 83% or 55.6 million out of 65.7 million registered voters exercising their right to suffrage in a free, fair and orderly manner, and with more than 18,000 elective posts being vied for. With 63% of the votes cast, Ferdinand Marcos, Jr. became the first majority President in decades.

As we embark on this new chapter in our country’s history under a new administration, we pause to look at what we have done as human rights advocates. We are fully aware of the pressing challenges on human rights and we shall address them. On the other hand, we shall seek opportunities to further build on our gains, advocating “Real justice in Real time.”

I take pride in leading the Department that is at the forefront of defending human rights by way of dispensing justice through institutions such as the National Bureau of Investigation, National Prosecution Service, Administrative Order no. 35 mechanism to address grave violations of the right to life, liberty and security of persons, Inter-Agency Council Against Trafficking, and specialized task forces for pressing issues illegal drugs, terrorism, and online sexual abuse or exploitation of children (OSAEC) and indigenous peoples’ concerns, among others. These institutions promote access to justice by vulnerable sectors.

Under my watch, we have begun undertaking flagship transformational reforms of our justice mechanisms and processes, putting emphasis on inclusivity and social justice, as follows:

  1. Decongest jails and ensure a humane treatment for Persons Deprived of Liberty (PDLs) by building a new, world-class correction facility; and conducting a comprehensive administrative review of all prisoner records in order to release those who have no further cause for detention. We target 5,000 PDLs for release by June next year.
  2. Strengthen coordination between prosecutors and law enforcement to streamline investigative processes, facilitate case build-up in order to improve the quality of cases and chances of success in prosecution.
  3. Pursue the objectives of the DOJ Review Panel on cases of deaths arising from the anti-illegal drug campaign. Forty- six (46) police officers were charged in court from the 302 cases which were referred to the NBI for case buildup. From the past drug operations, 222 police officers were found administratively liable and suspended from the service.

We have pursued a strengthened witness protection program to encourage CSOs, witnesses, and families of victims to come forward and file appropriate cases.

  1. Strengthen programs on rehabilitation, prevention, education and assistance to drug victims and their families as part of the anti-illegal drug campaign, as directed by President Marcos, Jr.
  2. Further the State’s commitment to the UN Joint Program on Human Rights which provides an inclusive platform for cooperation with multi-stakeholders on programs on accountability, rule of law, and human rights.
  3. Madam Chair,

[Migration and trafficking]

Over 10 million Filipinos of the 120 million Filipinos today

live and work overseas. At least a million Filipinos, based on ILO records, migrate for employment every year. Their continued protection is assured by the newly created Department of Migrant Workers. In 2021, 21,291 distressed overseas Filipinos were assisted.

With the increasing number of Filipinos migrating overseas, associated challenges such as human trafficking are adequately addressed. The Inter-Agency Council Against Trafficking which includes the Bureau of Immigration, continues to protect the rights of Filipino migrant workers and victims of human trafficking, especially of women and children. Under the Recovery and Reintegration Program for Trafficked Person, 3,988 rescued survivors in 2021 were provided access to counseling, financial assistance, skills training, and temporary shelter.


Filipinos elected former President Rodrigo Duterte on a platform to address illegal drugs, which stakeholders deemed as a threat to the human right to life, a disabler of civic space, and a destroyer of families, especially the youth, the most vulnerable. In keeping with Article 23 of the Covenant that emphasizes State duty to protect the family as a fundamental unit of society, the State pursued an anti-illegal drug campaign. Former President Duterte ended his term with 87% approval rating.

Our anti-drug policies adhere to international standards. We are guided by the recommendations and guidelines on drug prevention and control by the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime and the International Narcotics Control Board.

Through the Philippine Anti-Illegal Drugs Strategy (PADS), all agencies of the government have been directed to implement initiatives to eliminate the drug problem in the country. More importantly, accountability mechanisms are in place for the proper and effective implementation of the campaign against drugs.

In 2016, the Dangerous Drugs Board implemented “Operation Plan Rescue” which guided State action on the voluntary submission of drug users and dependents to access community-based treatment and rehabilitation services and interventions.

The State, through Philippine Drug Enforcement Agency (PDEA), enforces its anti-illegal drug campaign of the government in a human rights-based manner, ensuring transparency and accountability in their operations, including through the use of body-worn cameras during ALL overt anti-illegal drug operations, consistent with the Rules promulgated by the Supreme Court. Currently, the agency has procured 806 units of body-worn cameras of international standard distributed to all PDEA regional and provincial offices.

From July 2016 to August 2022, 4,627 children ages 4-17 were rescued during the anti-illegal drug campaign. They were referred to appropriate case management mechanisms handled by social workers. Those with drug use disorders were given treatment, rehabilitation and reformation interventions.


No less than he UN WOMEN lauded the Philippines for having the most comprehensive definition of domestic violence and for providing elaborate and innovative mechanisms for reliefs and remedies.

In 2019, the Supreme Court issued the Revised Rule on Children in Conflict with the Law, with the aim of ensuring that our justice system treats each child in conflict with law in a manner that recognizes and upholds their human dignity and worth. Relatedly, UNICEF recognized the States’ effort to provide special protection in situations of armed conflict through a law passed in 2019 declaring children as “zones of peace” and providing protection from grave child rights violations.

[Women and children]

The work of the Inter-Agency Council on Violence Against Women and their Children (IAC-VAWC) has enabled accountability mechanisms to act on 13,538 cases out of 21,458 incidents reported from 2021 until September this year.

As a member of this Council, the Philippine National Police, partnered with all Centers and Residential Care Facilities (CRCF) nationwide where children can be turned-over for their safety and security. As of this year, the PNP, in coordination with the Department of Social Welfare and Development (DSWD), has enlisted a total 71 facilities for safekeeping nationwide of which 12 facilities are located in the populous National Capital Region.

The PNP has likewise crafted various manuals and policies for the elimination of violence against children such as PNP Child Protection Policy (PNP-CPP) and Guidelines in handling Children in Situation of Armed Conflict (CSAC).

In line with the policy of continued organizational strengthening of the PNP, the Women and Children Protection Desk (WCPD) has trained 5,828 WCPD investigators in 2,008 Women and Children Desks nationwide.

[Transnational crime and trafficking]

The PNP sustains its strong partnerships with foreign law enforcement counterparts, INTERPOL, ASEANAPOL, and other similar bodies involved in transnational investigations and cooperation of TIP-related and other gender-based violence cases.

Under a cooperation agreement aimed at freezing financial assets of traffickers, the PNP and the country’s Anti-Money Laundering Council undertake joint investigation of trafficking- related cases. The PNP-Women and Children’s Protection Center (PNP-WCPC) facilitated the arrest of 21 suspected perpetrators in 2021 and the rescue of 159 victims.

In response to the global challenge of trafficking in persons, the Philippine government recently launched an aggressive campaign against the same, leading to 103 convictions in 2021, 42 of which are cases of online sexual exploitation of children. To further the State’s efforts in this regard, a special law was also passed this year penalizing online sexual abuse and exploitation of children.

For the first semester of 2022, IACAT monitored 50 TIP and TIP-related convictions, 24 or almost half are also OSAEC convictions.

[Persons deprived of liberty]

To ensure the welfare of all persons deprived of liberty, the State’s Bureau of Jail Management and Penology (BJMP) constructed new jail facilities, with the support of local government units, NGOs and civil society.

The Bureau of Corrections continues to address the issue of overcrowding in their facilities. A mega prison that we have, New Bilibid Prison, houses 17,000 maximum security prisoners in a jail built for only 5,000 people.

We are now reforming our correction system. We have budgeted around P4 billion pesos to relocate the maximum security prison to a far out island called Mindoro. Pending the completion of this project, we have already released 371 inmates, 300 from New Bilibid Prison.

In the meantime, the Philippine Congress passed the Bureau of Corrections Act providing for the regionalization and reformation of our correction system. In an unprecedented move, we have also activated our agency, the 2,080-strong Public Attorney’s Office (PAO), to ensure that all detention facilities be visited to ensure that PDLs are being treated properly. We have redirected PAO to not only defend indigent clients but to make sure that those PDLs with pending cases are not being held even one day beyond their supposed period of detention. The biggest chunk of the Department’s budget is earmarked for this purpose and hopefully, as earlier stated, we can release 5,000 prisoners in a year’s time.


Finally, in reviewing our compliance with human rights commitments, this administration’s new-found resolve, borne by its overwhelming mandate, should be given primacy and duly supported.

The Philippines acknowledges the wisdom and expertise of this Treaty Body in assisting our efforts to further strengthen our accountability mechanisms and processes, ever respectful of domestic remedies and national priorities.

We love our country and our countrymen more than anyone else. All we ask is time to put our resolve into action. We have begun the work, and we will be faithful to complete it. We will build on what we have and undertake real reforms which are beneficial and necessary for our society to flourish.

I end my talk and begin action, knowing fully well that the effort to protect and promote human rights is a never ending job. We call on fellow human rights advocates and defenders to join our progressive and relentless efforts to advance human rights.

As our President has said before the UN General Assembly in September this year, we have always been an optimistic and courageous nation. Despite the enormity of the present challenges we face, we believe that solutions are within our collective grasp. Our goal is Real Justice in Real Time. With the continued guidance and support of the international community, we will remain on track in achieving this goal.

Thank you very much.